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This design has a baseplate, usually decorative, attached to the iron frame of the casement .
The catch itself is a horizontal bar which engages a small iron plate set into the window frame; the spring is a second bar which forces the latch into place and holds it shut.
These have a central mullion and a horizontal transom set somewhere above the mid point, and the casement takes up the whole of one of the lower lights.
The fixed lights were held in place with wire which attached the leadwork either to vertical stanchions or to horizontal bars known as ‘saddle bars’.
Elizabethan windows were usually divided into several small ‘lights’ by mullions (the vertical dividers of wood or stone) and sometimes also by transoms (horizontal dividers), but they rarely had more than one opening casement.
This could be quite small in the late 16th and early 17th century, often taking up only about two thirds of the height of the window.
Only the spring catch in the hall chamber is likely to be original.
The dairy chamber catch is late 17th century, the parlour chamber catch probably early 18th century, and the others any date up to the early 20th.
Occasionally windows have two stanchions per light: these are for security, rather than for fixing the leaded lights, and generally seem to date from the later 17th century.
Presumably the now old-fashioned diamond panes were acceptable in the socially inferior buildings but not in the main house.
The accounts also refer to naylls to sett the glas in the wood windos'; these must be the 17th century equivalent of the modern glazing sprig.
Saddle bars were either square in section or, in the 18th and 19th centuries, round, and there were two, three or more in each light. This window typifies many of the features of the 17th and early 18th century transomed window, divided by a stone mullion and a transom into four lights, only one of which opens.
Windows with saddle bars will commonly also have a stanchion to provide security in the opening light. Based on an attic window of 1707 from a farm house at Pilning, Gloucestershire, the window catches and their ‘turnbuckle’ handles are embellished with a typical Gloucestershire open heart design and the handle at the bottom of the casement is simply ornamented with a knob.